Pollination Canada

POLLINATORS are the insects that pollinate flowers

You know about bees and butterflies, but did you know that there are over 1000 species of pollinating insects in Canada? Together they are an indispensable natural resource, and their daily work is essential for over a billion dollars of apples, pears, cucumbers, melons, berries, and many other kinds of Canadian farm produce. These beneficial insects are under pressure from loss of habitat, loss of food sources, disease, and pesticides. As insect populations are threatened, so are the fruit and vegetable produce, and the wild ecosystems that depend on these pollinators.



FREE Pollinator Workshop ~ Sunday September 21st 2014 ~ 2-3:30pm at Side By Each Farm in Amherst, Nova Scotia (386 Hwy 204/Church Street) ~ Please register with Su su@ecologyaction.ca or by calling 902-251-2959

Practical Farmers of Ontario presents 'Planned Grazing & Sustainability' events featuring JOEL SALATIN and RALPH MARTIN ~ Saturday October 4th 2014 in Guelph ON plus GREG & JAN JUDY and JACK KYLE ~ Saturday October 18th 2014 in Arthur ON

Festival of Dangerous Ideas: Food for Thought
November 15th 2014 1pm - 8pm
Daniels Spectrum Centre, 585 Dundas East, Toronto, Ontario
tapas reception included
Also featuring Gideon Forman (CAPE), Jim Coneybeare (OBA), Susan Chan (Farms at Work), Nathan Carey (NFU), Harry Stoddart (author and ex-industrial farmer), Jodi Koberinski (Beyond Pesticides Campaign) and a host of additional voices for a world beyond pesticides will be joining our keynote Dr. Vandana Shiva. Don't miss out! This event is a fundraiser to launch our Beyond Pesticides Campaign. Tickets and further information will soon be available.

Catch the film Flight of the Butterflies at an IMAX Theatre near you! Click this list for showings in Canada 

Keep an eye out for the Rusty-Patched Bumblebee (a bee on the endangered list) and at Wildlife Preservation Canada

Especially for Children ~ BEST FRIENDS OF THE POLLINATORS CLUB ~ Poetry and Photography Contests



Making a Beeline Toward Sustainable Agriculture in Ontario*

*to be revised to "Canada" instead of "Ontario"

Reference Sheet: organic pest control for cucumber and potato bugs, and flea beetles


Congratulations to Janine McLeod and Dr. Rick Beaver of the Alderville First Nation Black Oak Savanna, who won the

2013 NAPPC Pollinator Advocate Award Canada

Congratulations to Cathy and Bryan Gilvesy of YU Ranch, who won the

2013 NAPPC Farmer-Rancher (Canada) Pollinator Award for their sustainable farming practices

Growers and Farmers ... be sure to click on these resources

Bee Vectored Biocontrol: Using Pollinators to Protect Crops

Best Management Practices for Pollination in Ontario Crops

Recommendations for Conservation of Pollinators on Farmland

NAPPC Agricultural Task Force: Farmer Profiles and Resources

A Landowner's Guide to Conserving Native Pollinators in Ontario by Sue Chan

Pollinator Management for Organic Seed Production (Xerces Society)

You can buy this book ($15 includes shipping and handling and taxes) by clicking here



The use of this logo indicates that your agricultural practices encourage and improve pollinator health. To self-certify and find out more, click here Partners for Sustainable Pollination

R E S O U R C E S   for   B e e   F r i e n d l y    F a r m i n g ® (Gardening too!)

 Comprehensive Bee-Friendly Information

Most of Canada is included within the Xerces Society Pollinator Conservation Resource Centre regions. Simply click on the region in which you live. If you live in the Yukon, Northwest or Nunavut Territories, use the resources listed below, starting with the Evergreen Ecozones.

 Plants That Attract Pollinators

Although the regional guides to pollinator-friendly plants from the Pollinator Partnership are currently specific to the United States, there is much overlap with the Canadian provinces. There is quite a bit of valuable information to be gleaned from these guides.

If you really want to be more specific in matching plants in the ecozone that you live in, the Evergreen Native Plant Database is the place for you! First determine your ecozone on this map. Then choose the "Advanced Search" option in the Native Plant Database. You may then indicate your ecozone and scroll further down, under the Miscellaneous heading, where you can check off  "Attracts Wildlife" and choose which wildlife to specify.

Evergreen Ecozones --  in combination with --  Evergreen Native Plant Database

Pollination Canada Helping Pollinators Thrive: a Plant List of Blooms by Season for Canada

Nectar and Pollen Plants for Native Wild Pollinators

Canadian Wildlife Federation Pollinator Plant List

Pollination Guelph Trees, Shrubs and Plants for Pollinators

North American Native Plant Society Gardening Tips for Pollinators

Guelph's Pollination Park Plant List

Clement Kent's booklet How to Make a Pollinator Garden

You can buy this book ($8 includes shipping and handling and taxes) by clicking here


More Specific Mapping Tools for Regions in Canada

Evergreen Ecozones

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada: plant hardiness zones of Canada

Natural Resources Canada: land cover in Canada

Natural Resources Canada: topographic maps, agriculture maps, snow cover, geology, and more


Guides to Becoming Pollinator-Friendly

Pollination Canada: Native Bees for Farmers

Xerces Society: Farming with Pollinators

Pollination Canada

Canadian Wildlife Federation Pollinators

Canadian Geographic article Plight of the Bumblebee

Canadian Museum of Nature, link to Peter Kevan video

Feed the Bees


Comprehensive Resources on Pollination 



Xerces Society Pollinator Conservation Resources

Carol Dunk: ROADSIDES program and SEEDBALLS

Are you feeling energetic and motivated to help pollinators in your area? Check out ways to make pollinator patches ... Carol Dunk, past president of the Ontario Horticultural Society, has prepared this handy booklet called Roadsides for your reference! As well, the AUTUMN is a great time to make and sow SEEDBALLS! Her simple recipe includes: compost, red clay, chili powder & SEEDS of pollinator plants. If you are collecting seed from the wild, just take 10% of the seeds from any one plant -- leave the rest for creatures and processes in nature. Also, be aware that it is illegal to remove seeds from conservation areas and national or provincial parks.


Making Native Bee Nests

Native bees such as Mason, Leafcutter, Mining, Sweat and Bumblebees are important and interesting pollinators you can attract to your garden by providing habitat that can be purely functional, or can double as garden art!
When constructing native bee nests, we do advise you on three aspects:
1) do your best to use natural materials, found outside, but 2) do not use cedar wood, as it has insecticidal properties (hence the reason it lasts so well in outdoor construction) and 3) ensure that the lengths of your bee condos are at least 8" long, to maintain brood sex ratios.

Consider drilling holes in stumps or logs from a felled tree... collect twigs and branches...hang bundles of bamboo or hollow shrub stems...build small gravel or rock piles in sunny locations. When collecting your natural materials, ensure there is not a native bee or two nesting there already! If you’d prefer to reclaim rather than gather wood, perhaps there is a college or shop in your neighbourhood that generates wood waste, in the form of small pieces of 2x4 (not pressure treated!). Generally, you can pick this up for free.

The following links will take you to both basic and more elaborate plans that may inspire you to design your own "insect hotels!"
Bee Gardens
Pollination Guelph’s
Native Nests
Xerces Society’s
Native Nests
Home-Made Sweet Homes
Blue Orchard Mason Bee Home
Leafcutter Bee home

Insect Hotels

Elaborate Insect Hotels, Mansions & Dwellings
Scroll down this David Suzuki page and watch Lindsay Coulter “Queen of Green” give you some pointers
Watch this YouTube video showing German Insect Hotels
Watch Leafcutter Bees using these British nests






Copyright 2008 Seeds of Diversity Canada
P.O. Box 36, Stn Q, Toronto ON M4T 2L7

Design by Griffiel Yao 2008